Physiological programmatics of the nineteenth century

  • 500 Pages
  • 1.29 MB
  • English

Arno Press , New York
Physiology., Physiology -- Early works to
Statementedited by William Coleman.
GenreEarly works to 1800.
SeriesThe Development of Science, Development of science.
ContributionsColeman, William, 1934-
LC ClassificationsQP31 .P54
The Physical Object
Paginationca. [500] p. in various pagings :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL4093448M
ISBN 100405138725
LC Control Number80002107

Genre/Form: Early works Collected Work Early works to Additional Physical Format: Online version: Physiological programmatics of the nineteenth century.

Author(s): Coleman,William, Title(s): Physiological programmatics of the nineteenth century/ edited by William Coleman. Country of Publication: United States Publisher: New York:. Physiology as a distinct discipline utilizing chemical, physical, and anatomical methods began to develop in the 19th century.

Claude Bernard in France; Johannes Müller, Justus von Liebig, and Carl Ludwig in Germany; and Sir Michael Foster in England may be numbered among the founders of physiology as it now is known.

At the beginning of the 19th century, German physiology was under the. Nineteenth century s. – Franz Joseph Gall developed cranioscopy, the measurement of the skull to determine psychological characteristics, which was later renamed phrenology; it.

From the 3rd century BCE until the 12th century, human anatomy was mainly learned through books and animal dissection. While it was claimed by 19th century polemicists that human dissection became restricted after Boniface VIII passed a papal bull that forbade the dismemberment and boiling of corpses for funerary purposes and this is still repeated in some generalist works, this claim.

Women made a significant contribution to the development of experimental psychology in Britain in the early 20th century, at a time when social mores dictated that it was unnatural for women to pursue independent careers, which generally entailed forgoing marriage and a family.

Physiology (/ ˌ f ɪ z i ˈ ɒ l ə dʒ i /; from Ancient Greek φύσις (physis), meaning 'nature, origin', and -λογία (-logia), meaning 'study of') is the scientific study of functions and mechanisms in a living system.

As a sub-discipline of biology, physiology focuses on how organisms, organ systems, individual organs, cells, and biomolecules carry out the chemical and physical. 6 'Drooping with the century': fatigue and the fin de siècle - Steffan Blayney 7 'A rebellion of the cells': cancer, modernity, and decline in fin-de-siècle Britain - Agnes Arnold-Forster 8 The curse and the gift of modernity in late nineteenth-century suicide discourse in Finland - Mikko Myllykangas Part III: Negotiating global modernities.

19th/20th CENTURY. After the principles of human macroscopic anatomy—the study of dissected organs—is established. The field of anatomy becomes more specialized, and the microscopic anatomical realm opened up to anatomical scholarship. The public interest in.

The nineteenth century customer had a wide choice of corrective visual devices of which spectacles were only one. This famous print Les Lunettes by Louis-Léopold Boilly() shows five French men and women using different types of optical aid including a quizzing glass, folding lorgnette, wig spectacles with jointed sides, nose spectacles and a spyglass.

Investigation of the embryonic development of Cladocera began in the 19th century and first half of the 20th century. Most investigations dealt mainly with early embryogenesis, which in the Crustacea results in the formation of a germ band.

Then interest in such studies was lost until the end of the 20th century. But physiological tests now suggest that women have a greater tolerance for pain, and statistics reveal that women live longer and are more resistant to many diseases. In the 19th century, women began working outside their homes in large numbers, notably in textile mills and garment shops.

in books like 'Women and Economics' ( Book Description. Between the publication of Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason in and Husserl’s Ideas inthe nineteenth century was a pivotal period in the philosophy of mind, witnessing the emergence of the phenomenological and analytical traditions that continue to shape philosophical debate in fundamental ways.

The nineteenth century also challenged many prevailing assumptions. Physiological Books Showing of Good Calories, Bad Calories: Challenging the Conventional Wisdom on Diet, Weight Control, and Disease (Hardcover) by.

Gary Taubes (shelved 5 times as physiological) avg rating — 8, ratings — published Want to Read saving Want to Read. of physiological psychology than was phrenology. By the end of the 19th century, anatomists and neurologists had determined the sensory and motor connections of the mammalian brain with reasonable accuracy and a good deal had been learned about the mechanism of spinal reflexes.

Gall's () ideas about localization of func. “In nineteenth-century anthropology, blacks were often situated along the evolutionary ladder midway between a classical ideal and the orangutan,” he wrote. The Bible was used to.

Another significant 19th-century forerunner was Edgar Allan Poe, who wrote many works loosely classifiable as science fiction. The Balloon Hoax oforiginally published in the New York Sun, is but one example of Poe’s ability to provide meticulous technical descriptions intended to mislead and impress the gullible.

Jules Verne. More significant to the genre’s formation than Poe was. The 19th Century Schoolbooks Collection contains schoolbooks from the Nietz Old Textbook Collection. In addition, this online collection also contains two works by Dr.

John Nietz, which survey historic American schoolbooks in the context of the history of education. The institute reader and normal class-book: for the use of teachers.

Jonathan Crary's Techniques of the Observer provides a dramatically new perspective on the visual culture of the nineteenth century, reassessing problems of both visual modernism and social modernity. This analysis of the historical formation of the observer is a compelling account of the prehistory of the society of the spectacle.

Death by Corset: A Nineteenth-Century Book about Fatal Women’s Fashions (and Animal Physiology) Normally at the BHL we examine zoology-related books in our Book of the Week posts, but this week we’re entering new territory and taking a look at a comparative physiology book that examines the only species to mutilate its own body: Homo sapiens.

In the spirit of his nineteenth-century Parisian peers, such as L. Curmer (the editor of Les Français peints par eux-mêmes and other authors of so-called “panoramic” literature, Uzanne dedicates this chapter to the close observation of a particular type of woman on the rise in mid-nineteenth century Paris, officially baptized “La Lionne.

COVID Resources. Reliable information about the coronavirus (COVID) is available from the World Health Organization (current situation, international travel).Numerous and frequently-updated resource results are available from this ’s WebJunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as they consider how to handle coronavirus.

The late 19th century marked the start of psychology as a scientific enterprise. Psychology as a self-conscious field of experimental study began inwhen German scientist Wilhelm Wundt founded the first laboratory dedicated exclusively to psychological research in Leipzig.

For the reader of Mary Shelley's novel, there is some uncertainty whether best to define the being created by Victor Frankenstein as ‘monster’, ‘wretch’, ‘daemon’, ‘creature’, or ‘fiend’. The myth, however, has evolved a consensus that the unnamed hominoid deserves at least the name of ‘the monster’.

In modern usage, ‘monster’ means something frighteningly unnatural. From this preface he proceeds to the more philosophical part of the book. He begins by denying the dualism of a material body and an immaterial soul.

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Psychology--"the scientific study of the soul"--is "a branch of natural science." "Soul" is "a physiological abstraction," a "collective idea of all the psychic functions of protoplasm.". CHAMBERLAIN'S work on "The Foundations of the Nineteenth Century" is a noteworthy book in more ways than one.

It is written by an Englishman who has been educated on the Continent, and has lived there until he is much more German than English. Previously he had written a book in French, while this particular book was written in German, and has only recently been translated into.

Other 19th century inquiries into the epidemiology of rickets approached the question more broadly, several making use of the correspondence survey technique to cast a wide net.

The expatriate Hungarian paediatrician, A Schoepf Merei, then practising in Manchester, used this technique in the early s to ascertain the prevalence of rickets. Science in Nineteenth-Century Literature The nineteenth century was a period of many advances in the field of science and medicine.

Society placed a great deal of emphasis on the empirical. The Transformation of Psychology: Influences of 19th-Century Philosophy, Technology, and Natural Science reveals some of the intellectual, social, technological, and institutional currents and practices that were commonplace during the 19th century that fostered a radical reappraisal of the scientific possibilities for psychology.

After realizing the nineteenth century female experience, my first response is one of gratefulness that I am a woman of the twenty-first century.

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If the diagnosis of hysteria was indeed made as a result of the social and economic changes woman faced, then females would continue to be told this by the medical community.

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Try AbeBooks. Benjamin Franklin. Professor I. Gulliver is described as being less than 6 feet tall in the book. Per Kuroki, a survey of heights across England found that the average height for men in the 18th century .Today we welcome Dr. Sara Read, whose book, Menstruation and the Female Body in Seventeenth-Century England is out today.

I, for one, already have it on my wish list! So, please give a warm welcome to Sara, and enjoy the fascinating topic she brings to The Seventeenth Century Lady! Menstruation & Female Bleeding in Seventeenth-Century England When chatting to my Read on.