The Rhabdocline needle cast of Douglas fir

  • 66 Pages
  • 1.37 MB
  • English
State University College of Forestry at Syracuse University , Syracuse, N.Y
Rhabdocline pseudotsuge., Douglas fir -- Diseases and pests, Pathogenic
StatementRobert William Brandt.
SeriesTechnical publication / State University College of Forestry at Syracuse University -- no. 84, Technical publication (New York State College of Forestry at Syracuse University) -- no. 84
The Physical Object
Pagination66 p. :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL19019268M

Rhabdocline and Swiss Needle Casts of Douglas-fir Rhabdocline and Swiss needle cast diseases are both caused by fungal pathogens that infect only Douglas-fir.

Infected needles become discolored and die and are eventually cast prematurely from the tree. In nurseries and Christmas tree plantations, Rhabdocline needle cast of Douglas fir. Syracuse: State University College of Forestry, (OCoLC) Material Type: Government publication, State or province government publication: Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors: Robert William Brandt The rhabdocline needle cast of Douglas fir / Pages; Table of Contents Search Inside This Book: Results For: Click/Shift+Click pages to select for download.

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Cancel Generate Review No Pages Added. Close Dialog Generate My PDF Review My PDF List View Icon :// Genre/Form: Book: Additional Physical Format: Print version: Brandt, Robert William.

Rhabdocline needle cast of Douglas fir. Syracuse: State University College of Forestry,   Rhadocline needle cast is caused by the fungus Rhabdocline weirii. Hosts. Rhabdocline needlecast affects only Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii).Symptoms & Disease Cycle.

This disease is found throughout North America and outbreaks can occur in   Rhabdocline Needle Cast Rhabdocline needle cast of Douglas-fir is caused by the fungus Rhabdocline pseudotsugae. This disease is occasion-ally common, but seldom damaging in Douglas-fir stands unless the trees are off-site.

Host: Douglas-fir. Recognition: Yellow and purple blotches appear on infected needles in the fall and following :// Editor’s note: This article is from the archives of the MSU Crop Advisory Team the label of any pesticide referenced to ensure your use is included.

Now is the time to begin managing the two Douglas fir needle-casting diseases called Rhabdocline needle cast and Swiss needle cast and the needle-casting disease of spruce called :// Rhabdocline needle cast is one of the most serious diseases to afflict Douglas-fir. The disease is caused by the fungal pathogens Rhabdocline pseudotsugae and Rhabdocline weirii.

When infected, Rhabdocline needle cast causes needles to become discolored. Eventually, the infected needles are blighted. Blighted needles are often prematurely :// Rhabdocline needle cast is a foliar needle disease of Douglas-fir (Pseudotsugae menziesii) caused by the pathogen Rhabdocline pseudotsugae.

The disease occurs throughout British Columbia on both interior and coastal varieties of Douglas-fir. Christmas tree plantations have often suffered the /forest-health/forest-pests/foliar-pathogens/rhabdocline.

The Douglas fir seed source Shuswap is absolutely resistant to Rhabdocline needle cast and therefore, all you have to manage is Swiss needle cast. To get the upper hand on spruce needle cast, plant species of spruce other than Colorado blue spruce which is the most susceptible spruce to Rhizosphaera needle ://   See: Fir, Douglas (Pseudotsuga menziesii)-Needle Cast, Swiss.

Cause Rhabdocline spp. including R. pseudotsugae and R. weirii and 3 other species, fungi. They perpetuate themselves from year to year in needles on the tree. Ascospores are released /fir-douglas-pseudotsuga-menziesii-needle-cast-rhabdocline. Swiss needle cast is an important fungal disease of Douglas-fir.

It is one of the most common diseases to afflict Douglas-fir, alongside Rhabdocline needle cast. Swiss needle cast infections are caused by the pathogen Phaeocryptopus gauemannii. The fungus is indigenous to the historic range of Douglas-fir in western North :// RHABDOCLINE NEEDLECAST Rhabdocline needlecast is the most common disease of Douglas-fir.

Outbreaks continue to plague many landscape trees as well as trees in Christmas tree plantations throughout Connecticut. This disease was first reported in the 's and has steadily increased in both incidence and severity for the past few :// Rhabdocline Needlecast is a fungus that affects only Douglas Fir.

Since Douglas Fir is commonly sold for use as a Christmas tree, the fungus has the ability to plague nurseries which grow these trees for holiday sale. The fungus can turn a healthy Fir into a sickly-looking tree, often convincing the homeowner that it has died.

SYMPTOMS In the case of most needlecasts, the fungicide is applied as new needles are emerging. See other fact sheets on pine, Douglas-fir, and spruce diseases for details on controlling needlecasts on those trees.

Rhabdocline needlecast symptoms on Douglas-fir. Swiss needlecast on Douglas-fir needle. Rhizosphaeria needlecast on :// Douglas-fir and Bigcone Douglas-fir (P.

macrocarpa (Vasey) Mayr.) are the only known hosts of these pathogens. Although not common on coastal types of Douglas-fir in the PNW, Rhabdocline needle cast can cause extensive damage to susceptible trees (18). In western Washington, needle infection takes place during shoot elongation (5).

Needlecast diseases caused by fungal pathogens such Lophodermium, Rhabdocline, and Rhizosphaera cause these conifers to cast off large amounts of needles prematurely. Only the newest, current year's growth stays green, as needles on branches become sparse and thin.

Wind and water spread needlecast-spawning :// At this point, with the needle cast disease pressure on Douglas Fir, I would recommend selecting a different tree species.

At least, here in Carroll County I have seen an increase of needle cast issues in Douglas Fir, esp. over the past 10 - 15 years, Many of the early infected trees are standing :// Closeup Rhabdocline Needle Cast on Douglas fir needles. Rhabdocline Needle Cast.

Infected needles from the previous year develop yellow and then reddish brown spots in late winter. In late spring these spots develop orange-red fruiting bodies that rupture the needle epidermis and release their spores. This disease is most severe on the lower   Douglas-fir.

Distribution. Rhabdocline needle cast occurs throughout the range of the host in Idaho and Montana. Swiss needle cast also may be widely distributed. It is common in northwestern Montana and northern Idaho. Damage. Infected needles are killed and shed.

Description The Rhabdocline needle cast of Douglas fir FB2

Growth loss probably results when trees are severely ://:Idahomontana/Rhabdocline_pseudotsugae. This banner text can have markup. web; books; video; audio; software; images; Toggle Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) is one of the most important non-indigenous tree species in Germany.

The species is characterized by a wide amplitude of growing conditions, and is of increasing interest, in particular from the perspective of climate change. Douglas fir is nevertheless particularly susceptible to fungal pathogens, such as Rhabdocline ://   RHABDOCLINE NEEDLECAST (Rhabdocline weirii).

Rhabdocline needlecast is a fungus that affects only Douglas-fir, causing infected needles to become discolored and die and eventually be cast from the tree, often making it unsalable as a Christmas tree. Begin scouting for this disease in early April before budbreak.

Scout on slightly overcast days as opposed to sunny ones, as it will make the   Douglas-fir Needle Blight. Rhabdocline pseudotsugae Syd. Ascomycotina, Rhytismatales, Hypodermataceae.

Hosts: Douglas-fir needle blight occurs on both coastal and interior forms of Douglas-fir but is less severe on the coastal form. Distribution: This fungus is widely distributed throughout the range of Douglas-fir in B.C. Two new foliage diseases of Douglas fir and several other conifer species are emerging in Oregon, and they could be a threat to conifer growers and nurseries.

The pathogens include Phytophthora pluvialis, the cause of Pytophthora needle cast, and Rhizoctonia butinii, causing web blight of foliage on Douglas fir and several other conifers (Abies, Tsuga) In this trial, Rhabdocline-infected Douglas-fir trees had needle loss rates higher than healthy trees or infected trees kept hydrated.

Many Douglas-fir trees are harvested in November and may not show clear infection symptoms.

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Early symptoms of Rhabdocline needlecast may also be confused with Cooley aphid feeding injury (4). The various entities included under the name Rhabdocline pseudotsugae Syd., the fungus causing a needle cast of Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) The green Douglas fir is a fairly important forest species, which grows well on suitable sites.

The blue Douglas fir is grown in some large parks and gardens, but is not extensively planted because of its slower growth and susceptibility to the needle-cast fungus Rhabdocline :// Two diseases, Rhabdocline needle cast caused by Rhabdocline pseudotsugae Sydow, and Swiss needle cast caused by Phaeocryptopus gaeumannii (Rohde) Petr., recently became a severe threat to Central European Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco) stands.

Both pathogens infect assimilative organs causing needle chloritization and drop ://   Q: I have forty year-old Douglas fir trees that appear to have severe needlecast.

Several of the trees appear to be just about dead. New grow appears very ://. Figure 3: Rhabdocline symptoms on Douglas-Fir needles Image Credit: Penn State Department of Plant Pathology & Environmental Microbiology Archives, Penn State University, Deciduous trees can tolerate some leaf drop each year with little harm, but conifers put a lot of energy and resources into making their needles, which remain on Rhabdocline needle cast – most recent investigations on fungal distribution and genetic variation of Rhabdocline pseudotsugae (Sydow) Douglas fir is nevertheless particularly susceptible to   A discussion of Douglas fir needle cast, caused by the fungus Rhabdocline pseudotsugae, as it was an increasing problem at the time this article was written.

The author also discusses the fungus lifecycle, symptoms, control practices, and research being conducted on chemical :// /douglas-fir-needle-cast.